October 2, 2014
Redlands: A Community Response to World War II
By Tom Atchley
Assembly Room, A. K. Smiley Public Library
Before the bombing of
Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, Redlands was decidedly opposed to entering World
War II. Many residents were members
of the America First organization led by national hero, Charles Lindbergh. Redlanders never supported Franklin D.
Roosevelt for president in any of his four elections. Editorials in 1941 condemned the
president for his Chicago speech calling for a Quarantine of Germany, Italy and
Japan. FDR promised not to send
fighting forces into the melee in Europe.
Redlands was suffering
through the bad years of the Great Depression with increasing orange crops and
fewer consumers. A cooperative
marketing plan was adopted to ease some of the over production issues. Government set prices and scheduled rotating
marketing which frustrated some growers during the
The Japanese attack on
Pearl Harbor was difficult to believe.
Overnight the decision to enter World War II was never questioned again
and Redlands listened to FDR give his “Day of Infamy” speech uniting in a
national resolve to seek victory.
World War II would be
far different than World War I.
Redlands had victory gardens, meatless and wheat-less days, Red Cross
drives, and early high school gradation to support the war. All these efforts were voluntary during
World War I with the exception of the Selective Service draft. Redlands fully supported our
participation in World War I but could scarcely compare that involvement with
what would happen in World War II.
Redlands seemingly went above and beyond expectations of a rural community
as the facts indicate. Continuous
sacrifice, community organization, volunteerism, nationalism, devotion to a
cause, and the pride of unity never before embraced by the citizenry rose to
New military camps
sprang up everywhere: Camp Haan (Riverside National Cemetery), Camp Anza, Mira
Loma, Victorville, Base General Depot, San Bernardino Air Depot, San Bernardino
Incendiary Bomb Plant and Camp Ono (near Cal State San
Bernardino) to name a few. The plan to train the army before engaging
in battle was the early goal. General Joseph Stillwell, commander of
defense for Southern California, chose San Bernardino as his headquarters in
the California Hotel. Geography
made the valley important. San Bernardino was far enough from the coast to
survive an initial Japanese invasion.
This outline presents the
impact the war had on Redlands and how the community rallied to bring our
enemies to defeat.
Some 3,000 Redlanders
served in the armed forces with 979 Redlands High grads and by June 1945 40
were killed and 4 were missing. Facts 6/6/1945
The news of Pearl
Harbor sent hysterical rumors throughout California.
Hysteria reached a new high
when the press reported just how unprepared the west coast was for
invasion. Secretary of the Navy,
Frank Knox affirmed that 40 long-range Japanese submarines were operating off
the west coast. SS Imidio
was struck by a torpedo off Eureka on December 20th. Absaroka, a lumber freighter was sunk December 24th off
San Pedro. On January 1, 1942 the
Union Oil tanker, Montebello was sunk
off of the central coast of California.
factories were located in San Diego, Burbank, Long Beach, Inglewood, and Santa
Monica. They produced P-38s, P-51s,
B-24s, B-25s, A-20s and DC-3 transports. The oil industry was very exposed
along the coast in addition to our aircraft assembly plants.
I-17 surfaced and fired some 29 rounds at the oil facilities near Santa Barbara
on Washington’s birthday. Coastal aircraft spotters and U.S
Highway 101 motorists watched as the sub came abreast to the Barnsdall oil
field in Ellwood. For nearly 45
minutes shells pounded the oil field and storage facilities. Damage was less than $500 but a direct
hit was registered on West Coast nerves, psychic defense and hysterical
theories of impending invasion or bombing.
The Battle of
Los Angeles followed a week later on February 24, 1942. This battle somewhat
measured the frenzy of hysteria on the west coast. More than 1,400 rounds of antiaircraft
shells were fired from Los Angeles at phantom airplanes, in zealous defense,
against an enemy bombing raid that never took place. Debate about the
Japanese bombers in V-form flights was strengthened by a Los Angeles air raid warden
and red lights seen from the Tarzana Hills. A Jap bomber was reported shot down that
later proved to be a P-38 from a previous crash.
information both real and imagined fed the enthusiasm for defense in
Redlands. The Bear Valley Mutual
Water Company quickly realized the Achilles heal of the vast irrigation system
of Redlands. A guard
house was quickly built and manned
at the Big Bear dam.
March 2, 1942 marked
the beginning of the San Bernardino Air Depot where war supplies and repair
facilities blossomed to house 6,000 civilian workers and a vast array of Air
Force combat planes. By the
end of the war the Air Material Command Depot employed some 10,000 valley residents.
B-24’s could land at the depot and in three days be totally
reconditioned and sent back to the war effort. Vast supplies for the American war in
the Pacific included 13,000 different items collected for transport in San
Redlands: A Community Response to
World War II
The sinew that bound
Redlands during World War II was the Redlands
Dialy Facts newspaper.
Throughout the ordeal Bill and Frank Moore printed their “Grain of Salt”
column saturated with personal items that informed Redlanders of their personal
relationship with the war and the issues the war presented. The Facts printed the Ernie Pyle column
to give the fighting man view on the war.
For the first time the
Facts devoted full pages to photo essays called “Day’s News in Pictures.” The raising of the flag over Mount
Suribachi was truly symbolic of the US forces winning the war against
Japan. Photographs were printed
usually one month from the date taken.
The real strength of the journalism
came in daily reminders to support the Red Cross, Rubber Drive, book drive,
draft announcements and the achievements of everyone from the area of Redlands,
Crafton, Mentone, Highland, Bryn Mawr and Loma Linda.
The Facts printed the
full text of every citation that men and women in our area received. Prisoner of war letters and Red Cross
letters about Redlands citizens abroad filled the pages. Missing in action notices, killed
in action notices and letters from front line soldiers conveyed a personal
participation in the war. The Moore
brothers attached the addresses and parent’s names to the letters along with
athletic records or academic accomplishments that the paper had previously
Quarterly draft call
announcements with the names and addresses were all printed. The Facts war participation policy began
with the first draft May 29, 1942 with the names of every man or woman in the
Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines for a total of 325 on the first list. The “Roll of Honor” continued until
months after the war was over as the men and women came home.
Redlands Kiwanis Club
honored the role the Redlands Daily Facts
played in a Testimonial of Appreciation October 5, 1944. The
Facts humbled responded that the “Unspoiled City made it through the war with
business stimulation and full employment.
The city bulged but did not expand.” General John L. DeWitt, west coast
commander, commended Redlands and the Facts for its outstanding response for
civilian defense organization on May 29, 1942.
The Facts receives
high marks for the World War II effort except in one area: Enemy Aliens.
No article was printed
concerning the “evacuation” of enemy aliens from Redlands in the Redlands Daily
Facts. Heavy raids in February of
1942 took place in San Bernardino and Riverside. More evacuations were
demanded by authorities in Sacramento. Redlands had a small Japanese
population. In 1908, white labor
replaced the Japanese men employed by the Highland Fruit Growers Association. No mention is given of the George T.
Sakato family. “Civil Liberties”
editorial Feb. 26, 1942 suggests that in times of peril citizens should expect
to surrender some of their rights for the sake of victory. Shiziro Oka, Elks Club porter and 29 year resident of Redlands, was the first of seven
arrested February 23, 1942.
enemy aliens were sent to Parker, Arizona.
Order 9066 was countered by three Japanese in California in the famous
Korematsu vs. United States case.
Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Minoru Yasui brought their cases
to the Supreme Court and lost.
Subsequently the case was studied again by Peter H.
Irons and further research reversed the Korematsu case. The government falsified its original
case relying on rumors that a Fifth Column of Japanese in America was
contacting subs off the coast.
Gordon Hirabayashi died January 4, 2012 at the age of 93. Arizona named a park in his honor in
1999 on the site of the internment camp there.
County Chamber of
Commerce protests Jap Resettlement camps on the West Coast and wanted an Alien
Land Act passed and American Legion Posts supported the deportation of even
American Japanese. Oct. 1943
An enemy alien was arrested here by the FBI. William Gabel was arrested at Oriental
and Second Street. He was a 67 year old German agent. July 1944
John Jacob Petry,
German registered enemy alien, died near Seven Oaks of a heart attack. 11/7/1944
Coddling War Prisoners
was charged but Facts responded that we follow the Geneva Convention agreement
to the letter. Camp Haan was
accused of coddling Italian prisoners of war. 12/11/1944
The Nisei Return
Editorial: “The return of American
citizens of Japanese ancestry to their homes in Redlands will probably cause
almost no stir whatever.” American
Legion posts in California demanded they not return after the war.
Official notice of the
return of a handful of Japanese Americans to Redlands arrived in a
proclamation. This was compared to
the hundreds of posters that hung in Redlands beginning in 1942. 9/8/1945
Redlands claims two Medal of Honor winners: Henry Lawton, for Civil War bravery,
whose name appears on a Lugonia Street and George Sakato, a World War II Medal
of Honor recipient, who escaped arrest by moving to Arizona.
First Months of the War
Fear of eminent
invasion of the West Coast led to total blackout of Redlands. Window shades were pulled down, car
lights left off, brake light bulbs taken out, street lamps were covered,
traffic-lights were all covered or left off. The Putnam/Forest home on Crescent
Avenue had its gold painted dome painted black so the moonlight would not
reflect. Air Force officials
installed four beacon lights on a two-story home on the corner of West Highland
and Alvarado to direct air traffic to the San Bernardino Air Depot.
The Battle of the Coral Sea ended the long range threat of the Japanese but the black out of the
west coast didn’t end until November 1, 1943.
Service operated 24 hours a day with the Lion’s Club taking up residence in a
shack built on Sunset Drive near Panorama Point. Enrollment listed 180 names in “Redlands
at War” May 29, 1942. Aircraft
spotters Service began December 9, 1941 and continued until October 5,
1943. Some businessmen spent many a
night up all night viewing the skies for Japanese planes using the silhouette
diagrams to identify enemy aircraft.
All coastal flying by
civilians was curtailed during WWII so small airports were closed only
providing army and air force needs.
Tri-City airport trained pilots.
Redlands Airport did not begin until after 1945.
Committees of Redlands women formed to collect truckloads of furnishings for
army and navy installations and training centers. They collected furniture, recreation
items, kitchen ware, etc. A warehouse on Fifth and Vine was
secured to repair broken furniture and store donated
items. The purpose was to aid men
in camps. The camps were mostly
tent cities since wood and building materials were deemed essential to win the
war but not house men at home. The Elks and YMCA provided recreation
rooms in their buildings for camp men to use when on leave.
Jimmy Doolittle Raid
on Tokyo announced the first good news of the war and Redlands celebrated Lt.
Dr. T. Robert White, flight surgeon, on the raid with “Hero’s Day”. White won silver shoulder bars which he
wore July 13th in the celebration. The Chamber of Commerce met at the La Posada
hotel and the Merchants and Manufacturing Association bought war bonds and
stamps. White landed in Kobe, Japan
in his B-25. Redlands met the quota
in the First Bond Drive with $74,953.15.
Bonds sold in one month! Redlands
had a population of 14,000 in 1940.
Arthur E. Isham, Chamber of
Commerce chair, introduced White.
Redlands had its first war time hero and
swaggered in pride. White’s parents
had donated the Redlands Prosellis in 1930.
Draft Board consisted
of local residents that knew the community and families. The board allowed for flexibility and
fairness interpreting Federal laws.
more Redlands men were drafted by Redlands Selective Service Board. May 1944
Glen E. Smiley,
Redlands pastor, arrested for draft violations. He was no longer a
minister. Smiley called for an
armistice and was sentenced to three years in Federal Court. May and July 1944
Twenty-seven more men
drafted. July 1944
Manpower Control Plan
required any business hiring more than 8 men must allow review of 18-65 year
olds hired. July 1, 1944 Packing
Houses impacted. Women hired to
fill positions and did fine work.
FDR calls for tighter
Draft Policy. 2/26/1944
War Board aids
dairyman to keep them milking.
(War Over) Draft for only 18-26 year olds and
Redlands unable to reach the 46 quota total. 8/28/1945
Draft Board celebrates
its 5th year anniversary after beginning October 17, 1940 by having
Redlands men register at 35 polling places. Henry J. Wilson, chair, A. B. Drake,
George W. Rowe and later joined by Allen Wheaton and Edward J. Swan. 10/20/1945 and 10/22/1945
Citrus farmers and
agriculture production that provided food were not subject to the draft. My uncle, Joe Buoye, co-managed Crafton
Dairy with my grandfather and was not subject to the draft.
Civilian War Labor Housing
World War II brought
thousands of civilian workers to the Air Depot in San Bernardino. The War Housing Board required
every community to provide additional housing for these war laborers. Oddly nearly 1/6 of Redlands housing was
vacant during the Great Depression and few new homes were built during the
depression years. Now the
government was asking for additional housing with a Catch 22 of a strict rationing
on wood and building materials.
Redlands responded with the additional housing.
Greiner Boy’s Orphanage
on 1124 West Palm-San Mateo was remodeled into apartments for war workers and
rent set by the War Housing Board.
Oct. 1943 Arthur
Gregory almost closed La Posada because at first the Office of Price
Administration allowed only $2.50 for singles and $3.50 for double rooms. Nov. 1943
Fox theatre was converted to
22 apartments and 9 other rooms for war housing. 1943.
University of Redlands dorms
housed 275 navy and marine trainees.
Half of the enrollment for the U of R became military. No civilian housing for men was allowed
in Oct. 1943.
University Club House
Apartments (Cajon and Fern) was converted by the War Housing Center. Also Greiner Boy’s Home
turned into apartments and American Legion building. Feb. 1944
YMCA allowed service
men facilities for USO cots with 37 men cared for with food and
activities. Feb. 1944 YMCA entertained convalescents at
Mill Creek Camp with service wives and musical solos led by Milton Gair. YWCA
girls gave a recital and quiz program for vets. May 1944
Arrowhead Hotel became
a Navy hospital. March 1944
The 1940 census indicated
224 vacant homes in Redlands and by 1944 only 40.
Cherry Valley and
Banning Hospitals expanded by the Navy to house 1,000 patients and later
expanded again to house 2,400 beds.
Hospital was remodeled by Elmer King as a residential hotel to serve military
Lugonia Homes $225,000
1934 homes built for low income families were used in WWII for war housing and
then vets after the war. The Facts
editorialized that the Housing Authority was related to socialism 9/19/1945 and 9/22/1945 Carey
Mission Gables was
remodeled for civilian war housing with 9 units. 1943 and the Dr. Smith
Victorian home on West Palm was converted into 5 apartments for war
San Bernardino National
Forest Closed during War
Only recreation camp grounds and resorts remained open. Forests were closed to hunting until
1944, which was very controversial. On Dec. 15, 1943 many hunters and
fisherman stormed the mountains like Tarawa according to the king of Seven
Oaks, Dudley Glass. Several arrests
followed and hunters and fisherman were led out of the protected forests.
SBNF remained closed
as usual and this meant less fires in 1942, 1943 and
1944. This only applied to the
non-resort areas of the forest.
Mill Creek Forestry fire guards checked 1,650 cars carrying 6,200 people during the
4th of July time period.
Ranger Lynn Horton was in charge collecting fireworks.
Postwar forest projects
were planned by New Dealers to absorb surplus labor at the end of the war. These included new improved camp grounds and the long promised road from Camp Angelus to
Big Bear. Jan. 1944 Forest still closed except for
recreation areas. 6/25/1945
A Marine pilot plane crash south of
Clark’s Ranch in the Santa Ana Canyon started a 5,500 acre
fire that threatened Barton Flats youth camps and damaged Redlands
watershed. Bear Valley Mutual Water Company filed
suit for damages and recovered $15,081 from the Navy. 7/16/1945 Camp Haan soldiers 1100 fought the
fire and saved resorts and camps. The
Bear Valley Mutual Company along with many packing houses
protested training flights over the watershed during the war.
Mill Creek Canyon
convalescent camp (former CCC camp) housed some 180 soldiers with four-week
stays. This was part of the Torney
Hospital of Palm Springs which began two and a half
years earlier. 10/31/1945 Arrowhead
Springs Hotel was also converted for hospital recovery use.
The Ration Board opened in Redlands January 9, 1942
and remained active until September 28, 1945. A Facts Editorial supported the work of
the board. 9/28/1942
The Office of Price
Administration rationed most commodities in Redlands. Items such as sugar,
gasoline, oil, wheat, flour, rubber, iron, tin, copper, aluminum, cotton,
nylon, paper and all scrap iron all came under scrutiny.
Gasoline Ration data
for tourists was limited to “A” ration card and this applied to all western
states and not the 17 eastern states.
Redlands rationing Board chair was Dan McLeod. Redlands found some ration items
especially painful as the list demonstrates.
Jams and jellies
rationed by Office of Price Authority Oct. 1943.
Tissue paper wrap for oranges cut 65%. Paper rationing. Dec. 1943
Ration on shoes was stamp #18.
Ration Board makes sugar
unavailable for canning purposes.
20 lb. sugar ration clampdown.
Canning for only mass canning operations and not local
consumption. July 1944 Kimball Tomato canning operations
on Lugonia and Alta were not affected by sugar ration.
A record 108 tons of paper salvaged
by the City of Redlands recycle policy. George Hinckley, City engineer. 9/1/1944
Collect 12 tons of
paper per month. 1/13/1945
Anniversary celebrated the Redlands citizens that gave volunteer time and
energy to make the ration program work.
Dan McLeod was the general chairman. Editorial
Jan. 5, 1944
New ration book #5 is being printed and is smaller
than a dollar bill. 7/23/1945
(War Over) Gas
rationing, canned fruit, vegetables, and fuel oil ended with the announcement
by the Office of Price Administration and Ration Board to close. 8/15 and 8/25/1945
Redlands turned in 100
tons of rubber from Shell, Standard, Union and General gas stations all lending
rubber to the drive. Waldo
Burroughs co- chairman and Al Wilson co-chairman of oil distributors committee
led the drive. They also collected
steel scrap, nonferrous metals, rags, greases and other essential
materials. Massive Casings from the
Abe Gardner Mixers Company on Stuart Street did much to boost the drive with
twelve foor diameter tires. Fred
Gowland, Russell DeGraaf, L.A. Pratt, all helped in the rubber drive.
American Red Cross
Conducted blood drives to
convert blood into plasma. The
Redlands Community collected blood from 50 individuals each week. Also the organization made bandages. An
Honor Roll for Sewing and Knitting 100 hours or more was filed with over 200
names listed and 475 took the Red Cross First Aid course.
Dwight Lefferts led
the Red Cross drive with Edward M. Cope along with the Canteen Corps Blood
drives and gauze workers. Nov. 1943
The Red Cross
brought Christmas Cheer to hospitals of the 11th Armored Division in
Ibis (north of Baker), 93rd Division hospital, Base General
hospital, Victorville Air Base, Camp Irwin, Mill Creek Convalescent Camp,
102cd. Evacuation Hospital, and 318th Evacuation
Hospital. Dec. 1943
convalescent hospital, a branch of Torney General Hospital, housed 200
men. The Red Cross delivered
Christmas gifts and asked for donations but no cookies.
Red Cross expended
$34,000 in one year to local Canteen Corps. Jan. 1944 This figure was over and above
the bond drive efforts.
The House of Neighborly Service began sewing
classes for the Red Cross.
announced the fund had reached $43,700 with door to door
efforts planned in later 1944. Feb. 29, 1944
The Red Cross received
a donation from a Redlands army Lt. in England in 1944 congratulating the
community. March 1944
Red Cross reported
6,238 hours of volunteer work during May 1944.
Local War Chest Quota
was $18,500 and Redlands raised $22,000.
Red Cross Quota set at
$40,000 with $10,000 for Redlands and $30,000 for national organization. 12/18/1944
Red Cross is given
$1040 from Mexican Nationals housed at Cone Camp. These men are part of the Brucero
Program of War Time Labor.
Red Cross Canteen
served 2,966 service men and women in July of 1945. 8/8/1945
(War Over) 275 enrolled in Red Cross Swimming at the Sylvan Park
Plunge and 69 won a swimming diploma. 8/2 and 8/13/1945
Women’s Ambulance Corps
Redlands woman donned
military uniforms May 28, 1942 and joined the Women’s Ambulance and Defense
Corps designated Company C. Rebecca
Burris was placed in command. They
reported to Camp Hahn as needed. Classes
were conducted for first aid, infantry drill, auto mechanics, chemical warfare,
communications, fire watch and rifle practice. Roll call listed over 100 women with
May 29, 1942
Am Air WAC
recruiting team for the Women’s Army Corp interviewed applicants in
Redlands. Feb. 1944
Madeleine Fite, 242
Cajon Street, joined Women’s Army Air Corps. 1944
Local Wasps unit was deactivated in
Victorville and Petite Allison Burne, 1055 W. Highland Ave., logged 550 flying
Two Redlands Girls
join Wacs. Rubie E. Clark, 1116
Alta, and Louvinia Zamborsky, 411 State St. 1/5/1945
Mrs. Joseph Brier “Pinky” Killgore was in
the WASPS until disbanded.
pioneered Tri-City Airport before and after the war.
Redlands Boy Scouts
Some 250 scouts
collected aluminum cans for salvage and placed war bond posters advertising War
Bond Drives. They also delivered to
every house in Redlands the government Price Control Plan pamphlet.
received Eagle badges and worked on 45 National War connected projects. Many service men that were previously
scouts earned service awards.
Previous scouts earned 285 in first year of war and 411 in 1943. This was significant because juvenile
delinquency expanded during the war years.
The city recognized
the Boy Scouts by having 200 boys receive badges at a Court of Honor at City
Hall in January of 1945.
Scouts collected 90
tons of paper and 72 boys collected 1000 more pounds. 5/10 and 5/25/1945
City of Redlands
chief was fired and this led to the resignation of the building inspector, and
city veterinarian. Throughout the war years the City Council got along for the
first time since 1888. Civic
projects such as road building, improvements were put on hold until the war was
Chief W. H. Morrison was fired by the council and this led to mass
resignations on the part of the police department officers and other city
offices. May 5, 1942
Redlands budget for
1943 was $548,000 with 322 building permits given.
Highway 99 realignment
State St. to Crystal Springs postponed until post war. Nov. 1943
E.T. Fletcher is again
elected mayor with a unanimous vote by the City Council. April 1944
Chief A. O. Peterson
reported arrests for year at 930 total.
437 traffic, rape 12,
burglary 20, auto theft 2, vagrancy 27, gambling 9, DUI 21, 360 juvenile, 170 drunks, 75 bicycles
stolen. July 1944
George Hinckley, city
engineer, collected 108 tons of paper to recycle. 9/1/1944
Changes in local
taxation were suggested with possible sales tax in the future. Redlands had only a property tax but San
Bernardino went to one cent sales tax and theater tax
as well. Dec. 6, 1944
Redlands Economy of
Oranges and business climate changed by the war to new industries like defense
(San Bernardino Air Depot), Universal Sanitary Pottery and J. M. Hammerman
Hoisery Mill expanded industry into new directions. 12/14/1944
City Council voted for
Memory Lane in Hillside Cemetery for Redlands dead of World War II. 1945
Building discussed as a place for our 3,000 veterans to meet but no action was
Many teachers were
drafted and this led to increased class size and sometimes the hiring of
inexperienced teachers. University
of Redlands Education Dept. attracted women into secondary education with a
streamlined program that eliminated student teaching.
distributed 26,000 ration books in Oct. 1943. This was ration book #4.
Redlands High school choirs
sang to 10,000 soldiers in Desert Camps.
A Cappella Choir sang at Desert Center, Iron Mountain and went on the
Coxcomb USO trip. Dec. 1943
Twenty-six teachers were
drafted from Redlands schools. Jan. 27, 1944
Fifty RHS students
joined the Job Depot Squadron of the Civil Air Patrol. March 1944
Surplus rationed food
was given to schools such as 65 cases of eggs and 418 cans of Texas
grapefruit. May 1944
War bonuses were added
to the teachers wage schedule. $150
more for wages $2,000 or less, $100 more for $2,050 to $2150, and $50 for $2200
to $2350 increased teachers wages close to
Service Directory lists 399 grads in the service. 6/7/44
25 marines 17 WACS 2 army nurses
RHS students sold
$150,000 in War Bonds in 12 days!
Sold $123,000 worth of bonds by June 15, 1944
Red Cross was expanded by S. Wesley Break, County Supervisor, with all
Redlands schools involved.
A school or job
editorial discussed why students dropped out of school for the rewards of good
paying jobs during the war. 9/9/1944 Editorial
RHS choir, A Capella, won the Distinguished Service
Citation. Wilbur H. Schowalter
accepted. 1/4/1945 Choir won
war honor for War Bond Drive patriotic presentations by Wilbur Schowalter. 5/18/1945
High School 7th
Bond Drive presented a talent show with 200 students performing. 5/23/1945
Redlands High School
boys and girls picked oranges in 1943 in February and March each afternoon.
Forty Redlands High
graduated were reported killed by June 6, 1945 and four missing. Redlands High had 979 alumni in the
Students picked the
orange crop of 1943 before the Brucero Program was initiated.
University of Redlands
See also War
graduation for cadet teacher program to replace teachers that are drafted from
signed G. I. Bill of Rights promising federally financed
education, guaranteed home loans, unemployment compensation. Will cost $6 billion. June 1944 Measure was solution for post war
U of R built many new single family residences after the GI Bill of Rights sent
millions of vets to college. Our
country went from 6% college educated to 20%.
Two U of R grads
worked on the A-Bomb, Victor Anderson and Harley Tillitt. 8/14/1945
Navy housing and
training took place at the U of R during the war.
Victory Book Drive at
A.K.Smiley by Miss Mabel Inness collected 1,778 books for men in the service
camps. Dec. 19, 1944
War Bond Drives
Third War Bond Drive and
Victory House or Victory Triangle
A red, white and
blue building constructed in the triangle with a new shingle added for each
$10,000 towards the bond quota.
Jan. 19, 1944
Editorial “Victory Plaza” Jan. 19, 1944
Goal quota of
$1,250,000 was set. By Sept. of
1943 Redlands had $380,000. Redlands met the quota and went
over by 10%.
Fourth War Bond Drive with quota of $1,250,000 was set with William O.
Mulligan, as chairman. Dec. 1943
Victory House at
Victory Place triangle constructed to show bond drive sales of $10,000 for each
shingle placed on the shack.
Charles Winninger, comedian of the stage and radio, entertained everyone
along with the Air Force Band. Jan.
$40,000 was collected. Jan 24, 1944
the campaign had collected $320,000 by Jan. 27, 1944. Yucaipa Victory shingle is added to the
Dick Powell, stage,
screen and radio star, entertained for the Bond program at the Fox.
Bond Rally featured
Johnny Johnson and Dick Powell. Rudy Vallee’s Coast Guard Band for 4th War Bond Drive. $30,000 sold at the premiere “Lifeboat”
film. Feb. 2, 1944. Feb. 8th Bond Drive now
reached $856,200 and by Feb. 23 Over the top with $1,345,383 or 17% ABOVE THE
Fifth War Loan Drive
Began June 6, 1944 for
Downtown Bond Sale
Quota for Redlands now
set at $1,350,000 since war against Japan is more expensive. Dinner and Street Dance launched the
drive. $230,000 was given the first
day. $461,000 by June 17 and June
24 reached $1,164,976. June 29 had
$1,400,000. On July 31 Redlands
reached $1,887,285 or 42% beyond the goal quota. July 31, 1944
Bond Sales Contest by
local merchant employees. Susan
Stein working for McEwen’s sold $5100 worth. 6/23/1944
Sixth War Bond Drive
Began on Thanksgiving
Day 1944 and Redlands had $824,242 by 12/4/1944 Announced that we had
$100,000 to go Dec. 7, 1944 on the third anniversary of Pearl Harbor
attack. Went over the top December 8,
1944 and completed the drive with $1,339,181 December 11, 1944
Jack Levine of Levine
and Chestler led the retailor competition selling $63,050 in war bonds. Others given are Woolworth, Harris Co.,
Serr Stationary, etc.
Sixith War Loan
Drive now $1,713,460 or 37% above quota.
Seventh War Loan Drive from May 30, 1945 to June 30, 194 for $1,250,000 and
then raised to $1,450,000. By June 30 Redlands raised $2,453,000!
Eighth War Loan Drive Drive began October 29 and ended November 12 with a goal of
$850,000. 10/17/1945 Victory House opens for the drive
and the Fox Theater offered a premier of a major film. 11/9/1945 Goal was lowered to $650,000 and
was immediately reached with $680,000.
Victory House was sold to Maude Garland for $275 and moved to
1425 E. Citrus on skids. 12/7/1945 Drive
reached $1,487,449 12/11/1945 In the eight war bond drives Redlands had
sold $12 million in bonds. 12/15/1945 The 1940 Federal Census gave
14.000 for the City of Redlands.
Francis Willis, the
first woman diplomat for the United States, was promoted ambassador to teh
consulate in Madrid, Spain. Oct.
YWCA stressed war work
through the Service Men’s Wives Club and USO entertainment for 1250 service men. Some 300 girls helped. Nov. 1943
Frank S. Gunter leads
War Chest Drive for USO Quota of $19,400.
Stamp Shower for Mabelle Annette Yates and Mary Elizabeth Bury.
WAVE recruiter, Ensign
Virginia Lee Lindsey, spoke to Lions Club. April 1944
Women recruited for
fall army “Land Army” to harvest crops in the county. Farm Labor Office. 9/1`9/1944
Mrs. Helen Jones Mann,
301 Eureka, returns home from prisoner of war camp on Luzon, Philippines. 5/4/1945
Helen Jones Mann, 545 W. Palm, prisoner
of war in Bilibid Prison, writes of the experiences in Camp Holmes, Japan. 3/1/1945 and 3/8/1945
Helen McDaniel letter.
First Lt. Beverly W.
Perry, 311 Summit, won Bronze Star as battlefield surgeon with medical
detachment in Germany. 5/8/1945
Sponsored Victory Garden
competitions and was able to secure a .03 cent water rate for each 100
gallons. Dec. 1943
contest Feb. 24, 1944
Copied 40 plots
Redlands had 900
Victory Gardens with 100 more than 1944.
Frank Kimball sold his
Cannery on Alta and Lugonia Ave. to a Religious Charity group to work six
months a year on vegetables and fruits.
March 1944 Yucaipa
tomatoes sent to the war effort.
Thousands of gallons canned.
manufacturing on Citrus and Sixth Street received Navy contract for vehicle and
aircraft batteries. March 1944
Redlands Tent Company
The company was located
in the Mission Garage at Fifth and Vine.
Edward L. V. Clark employed 120 to make tents. He had government contracts. 9/14/1944
Abe Gardner Road Mixers
Stuart Street the company supplied the Seabees with the equipment to build
airstrips on isolated Pacific Islands during the war. Seabees began December 8, 1941 and the
200,000 workers proved to be a secret weapon in the Pacific War. Example: On Okinawa an airport was
completed for B-29’s use in two days.
Iwo Jima, Tinian, etc.
Fletcher Lumber Mill
Army contracted for
4,000,000 board feet of lumber for making crates to send supplies to the
Pacific War. 3/16/1945
Fletcher Lumber Mill processed 150 carloads of lumber for shipping boxes. 5/2/1945 Boxes carried munitions and once
unpacked provided the framework for GI tent housing on the Pacific Islands. Lumber was cut for each box to meet
pre-cut building needs.
Mrs. Nan Songer the
She was a chemist
assistant that became a naturalist and Lepidoptera collector of crickets, gnats
and spiders. In response to a 1939
U.S. National Bureau of Standards call for spider web silk of 1/10,000 of an
inch, Songer began raising Black Widows and other insects to produce the
silk. The silk was used in optical
instruments and most importantly in the Norden Bombsight for World War II
bombers. The “cross hairs” for
technical equipment could withstand extreme temperature change and the bouncing
inside a bomber. Each 20 feet of
web sold for $20. A typical
black widow can produce up to 1,000 feet of web in a lifetime. Mrs. Songer fed the spiders gnats and
crickets in her Yucaipa home.
Government contracts purchased all the silk Mrs. Songer could
produce. This was one of the most
important war industries in the country.
Charles Milton Brown,
General Manager of Gold Banner and Redlands Only Democrat, was a member of the
State National War Production Board.
Also a past member of the National Recovery Administration during the
Great Depression decided on citrus pro-rate during the war years. Citrus is deemed a war related industry
due to the value of a soldiers’ health.
Brown had been part of the Citrus Industry in Southern California since
1883. He knew FDR cabinet
members and FDR personally.
Nat Hinckley, County Farm
Bureau chair, urged saving of food.
Western Fruit Growers
Association led by Ernie Larson shipped 1,000 carloads of citrus in 1943. Larson owned 700 acres of The Peppers on
Redlands shipped 4,991
carloads of oranges and this was the lowest production amount since freeze of
Juice canning plants
became a requirement of war with 20% of the fruit devoted to this. Oct. 1943
M.O.D. recorded their
greatest returns in history with $15,783,624. $2,150,131 in processed foods required
according to J. A. Stewart. Nov.
Total Sunkist returns were
up 20% from 1942. The Valencia crop
brought greatest return according to Paul Armstrong report. Nov. 1943
Office of Price Control set
the citrus box ceiling for oranges at $2.85 to grower with overall $3.99
ceiling. Nov. 1943
Tissue paper wrap for
oranges cut 65%. Dec. 1943
Citrus Looks Back editorial for 1942-43 Nov. 18, 1943
“labor shortages, transportation difficulties, government
regulations. Gross returns were
high in the industry and perhaps substantial.”
Office of Price
Administration ordered $3.85 for navels and $4.30 for valencias. Feb. 1944 OPA price $4.30 per box May 1,
of planes for agricultural pests proved difficult. May 1944
Surplus army trucks were
sold to Winslow S. Lincoln for county farm transportation limited to pick-ups
only. July 1944
Administration now required 10% of citrus set aside for juice. July 1944
Best Citrus Year Editorial 11/17/1944
Orange Shipments faced immediate embargo east of
Labor Board conducts
union C.I.O. voting in the packing houses and seven
packing houses vote in favor of the union.
Army requisitions 15%
of Valencia crop. 6/5/1945
Agriculture asks for Orange Ceiling Price to end. 9/15/1945
created a citrus concentrate that could be vacuum sealed
and placed in GI K-rations. The
breakthrough ended scurvy for the allies in World War II by insuring vitamin C
Treaty with Mexico
allows Mexican men with a bond to work in California Agriculture. Redlands-Highland Farm Labor Bureau with
some 200 Mexicans arriving in 1942 and 800 in 1943.
Mexican Nationals also picked
apples in Oak Glen. Oct. 1943
Work progressed on
North Opal road to Water Conservation headquarters which
was converted into Mexican National camp.
Cone Camp. March 1944 Cone Camp
was a CCC camp during the Great Depression
picked 45,000 boxes of oranges per day or 60 boxes each.
Yucaipa tried to form
a Labor Association to get Mexican National Labor. Never succeeded and did get some
laborers from Redlands-Highlands Labor group. April 1944
250 German prisoners
aided with harvest in West end of County.
Nationals worked in California Agriculture. Feb. 21, 1944
Italian prisoners of
war to worked in agriculture but the army allowed them
for work only in Western part of county.
Army did not want them working with Mexicans at Cone Camp. Several Italian prisoners from Camp Ono
married American women at war’s end and remained here. Camp Ono seemed lax with prisoners. March 16, 1944
Citrus Men celebrated
Dinner at Cone Camp after 22 packing houses pleased
with the picking labor. Mexican
officials and packing house managers present for the festive occasion. May 5, 1944
Nationals thin peaches in Yucaipa and Oak Glen. They were on loan from
Redlands-Highlands Farm Labor Association.
Italians aid army at
Camp Haan in the machine shop, repairing trucks and jeeps. 216 members of 3rd
Italian Quartermaster Service.
They volunteered for service in American war effort after interrogation
to see if they were Fascists.
Most were taken prisoner in North Africa. Capt. Mario Bernasconi had a tire
company in Milan. 8/30/1944
Italian laborers sought since Mexican National
contracts ended in August, 1944 and many Nationals
moved to pick grapes in the Central Valley. 9/14/1944
Farmers urged renewal
of Federal legislation to continue ‘Bracero” program for California. 10/23/1944
picked 6,788,087 boxes for 1943-44 season. 11/29/1944
Italians’ Work at
Depot Explained: Three Italian
service companies numbering 550 officers and men are helping to speed delivery
of supplies overseas at the San Bernardino Engineer Depot (at Orange Show
Kiwanis were assured by Lt. Col. Rol N. Pyper that the men receive
Geneva Convention protection and are not treated with privilege as
rumored. 1/18/1945 p.8
Santa Ana Cone Camp
had 400 pickers, which is adequate for the season. 1/20/1945 140 Mexicans arrive with 160 more
due next week. Redlands-Highlands
Farm Labor Association.
Labor Board ordered packing house union vote within 60 days and 50% of the
packing house labor votes for CIO.
4/5 and 4/17/1945
Mexican Nationals donate
$1040 to Red Cross. 4/4/1945
Mexican National labor
agreement to end December 31, 1945 and Redlands-Highland Farm Labor Association
want the pact renewed. Officials
sent to Washington to lobby for an extended labor agreement. 9/17/1945 The
agreement was extended and finally ended in 1975.
Every church bell and
fire bell rang out the expected news.
Universal Prayer Day
Feb. 19, 1944 All
churches marked Feb. 24 as Universal Prayer day. Feb. 24, 1944
offered at local churches June 6, 1944.
Churches collected clothing for liberated Europe. 10/7/1944 Council of Churches with 13
active congregations collected 5,494 pounds of clothing. 10/19/1944
Council of Churches
supported Universal Military Service Act suggested by FDR. 12/8/1944
(War Over) Peace
celebration planned by Redlands Churches.
Want stores to close for quiet but enthusiastic effort. 8/11/1945 Special services were held at the
Bowl with auto horns tooting.
Censorship of newspapers announced.
8/15 and 8/16/1945
Lost Bomber found east of
Cajon Pass after missing for 69 days.
All four crew members were dead. May 1944
P-38 crashes in
Redlands Orchard east of Country Club.
Lt. Ross from Ontario Air Field parachutes onto the golf course. June 1944
Lt. Calvin R. Gintz
crashes south of the Fifth Avenue pool and is taken from PT-22 plane by boys
that had been swimming in the Fifth Avenue pool.
8/16/1944 My mom, Ann Atchley, who drove
the afternoon milk route for Crafton Dairy, was one of the first on the
scene. She watched the plane lose
altitude and crash.
Marine Lt. Wilmer E.
Ohlemacher, pilot, and passenger crash one mile south of Clark’s Ranch in the
Santa Ana Canyon. Both die in the
crash. Crash ignites a 5,500 acre fire that is fought with 1100 soldiers from Camp
Haan. Fire threatens Santa Ana
resorts and Barton Flats youth camps. 7/16/1945, 7/17, 7/18, 7/19, 7/20
and 7/23/1945 Erosion control
replanting of watershed begins. Redlands City Council and BVMW Co. formally
petition the government to restrain from flights over the tender dry watershed
of the orange industry and receive $15,000 for damage to the watershed.
Fighter Corsair 4-u
crashed in Mill Creek Canyon above the Marble Quarry and is discovered weeks
after the crash. J. J. Prendergast
of the Bear Valley Mutual Water Co warns of watershed damage. 9/19/1945
County Government and
Road building was
placed on standby until the war was over.
Wesley Break, Bryn Mawr Packing House manager runs for Third District
county supervisor. May 1944
County results in
Warren Rep. 12,937 and FDR Dem. 13,283 June 1944
Govenor Thomas E.Dewey
campaigns for president in San Bernardino and attacks FDR dog, Fala. Sept. 1944 Redlands Republicans attend.
National Service Act where every citizen gives two years’ service to the
country. Jan. 15, 1944
Lincoln letter to Mrs.
Lydia Bixby the mother of five sons killed during the Civil War. Editorial
Feb. 12, 1944 (Based on
five Sullivan Brothers that died on WWII battleship torpedoed by Japanese
submarine.) Movie Saving Private
Ryan based on this.)
Council sets aside
“Memorial Lane” for Redlanders killed during the war but buried overseas. 4/20/1945 Forty Redlands High
graduates killed by 6/6/1945 and four are missing with 979 in the armed
services. 6/6/1945 Six trees planted for Yucaipa
heroes of WWII. 5/24/1945
Redlands called for a Veterans Memorial Association to organize a
fraternal center for vets to meet.
One Day, Five Casualties
Editorial of the Facts
about five Redlands losses in one day December 13, 1944
December 15, 1944
Pfc. George J. Andrews, 782
E. Palm, fought 165 days continuously in the Philippines. 7/19/1945 Fought to free the Philippines. Wrote editorial to Facts August 19, 2015
thankful that Truman used the bomb to end the war and save lives. Graduate of
Redlands High class of 1942.
25th Division of U. S. Army
Capt. Peter Arth, B-24 pilot
returns home after 50 missions in the Mediterranean Theatre. 12/6/1944
Sgt. William N. Barlow is
awarded Silver Star and Air Medal as a gunner in heavy B-24 Liberator Bomber. Read
March 28, 1944
Signalman Keith Barron, 232
Alvarado, signalman third class, 25 Parkwood Drive, letter from Royal Hawaiian
Hotel in Honolulu. Dec. 1, 1944 Involved in 8 invasions:
Kwajalein, Saipan, Tinian, Pelilieu, Angor, Ulithi, Leyte, and Okinawa. 10/4/1945 p.5
Lt. F. Ray Barron, 25
Capt. Harry P. Wheaton were on the beaches of Normandy in the first wave. July 8, 1944 Copied
Warrant Officer Paul Behee
visited Dachau and saw piles of bodies.
Capt. Paul E. Bell, 42 W.
Palm, awarded Bronze Star as engineer officer in the Thunderbolt Squadron. Also has Presidential Unit
Lt. Will Blair, 31 West
Colton completes 27 missions in Italy and wins the Air Medal and 4 Oak Leaf
clusters. His brother is in the
submarine service in the Atlantic, Lt. Joe Frank Blair. April 1944 First Lt. Will N. Blair receives
Flying Cross for 50 combat missions in B-24 over Germany. 8/17/1944
Lt. Jack Boone, 131 Seventh
St., wounded on Okinawa and in Navy hospital in Hawaii. Okinawa cost the USA 8 billion. Jack had a broken back. 6/7 and /13/1945
Lt. Richard Break is awarded
Silver Star. Son
of county supervisor, Wesley Break.
Lt. Cmdr. Donald Brumbaugh,
324 S.Buena Vista, medical officer killed in action and has island burial in
the Pacific. Editorial 5/21/1945 and 5/22/1945 Killed in Okinawa action aboard
U.S. cruiser, Birmingham. 8/30/1945
Captain Rodney E. Buckmaster,
Born in Redlands Oct. 29, 1919, graduated from Redlands High 1937. In 1941, he joined the Army Air Corps
and was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant. He flew C-46 and C-47 troop carriers
dropping paratroopers and towing gliders.
He became base Operations manager officer at Laurinburg-Maxton Army Air
Base in North Carolina until the end of the war. His obit was in the Facts Sept. 1,
Lt. Buron De Tour, 915 Orange
St., navy flyer gets 30 day leave for saving soldier from drowning. Nov. 1943 Awarded Air Medal in 11th
Naval District by Admiral W. F. Halsey.
Won Navy and Marine Corp Medal previously. April 1944
Capt. William P. Butler gets
Bronze Star and Oak Leaf Cluster.
Capt. James R. Canterbury,
815 E. High, visits Bavarian Palace.
David Cardoza, 421 Central
Ave., and Carl Jessop, engine room crew members, both
survive the sinking of the air craft carrier, Princeton. 10/25/1944 Later reported he did die on the
Ramond Chaves, a Redlands
High grad, served in the United States navy aboard the USS Brown participating
in nine major sea battles in the Pacific.
Born April 14, 1922 in Redlands.
Died Sept. 4, 2013 at 91.
Obit Facts Sept. 10, 2013
Manuel Cordova Chavez Dies 90
years old born Redlands March 22, 1926 and died Dec. 24, 2016 Facts Marine Corp corporal battle
of Iwo Jima, Purple Heart
Sgt. Henry Clark, Beryle Ave.
Mentone, gets Bronze star for Kwajalein operation supplying water to front lines.
8/4/1944 Wins Bronze
Star in five day battle for Marshall Islands. 10/3/1944
Clark home on furlough to help pack oranges for Orangedale Packing House. He is a
B-17 tail gunner. June 5, 1944 p. 5 Home
from Burma with Sgt. Paul Clark.
Dr. Robert M Clark, 124 11th
Street, praised for service as regimental surgeon in invasion of Marshall
Islands. March 1944
James Cleveland, class of
1940 RHS, Marine Corps, invasion of Iwo Jima.
Cleveland Baker source.
Sgt. Jack Coble, RHS grad,
946 Campus, turret gunner on B-17 and U of R student. 12/27/1944 Writes from prisoner of war camp
in Germany. 3/26/1945 Liberated from P.O.W. camp with
Lt. Norton Dean and Pfc. Norman Cowie.
5/21/1945 Now home after being shot down on his 13th
mission and freed from POW camp by the Russians. His ordeal is given. 7/3/1945
Sgt. Harold B. Cochrane wins
Bronze Star while stationed in Burma and China. He is with the 20th Air
Sgt. R. G. Comstock, 919 N.
University St., receives Flying Cross as a B-29 gunner. 9/11/1945
Lt. Raymond Costello, 213 E.
Olive, calls his B24 bomber “This Love of Mine” has bombed Yap, Truk, Iwo,
Chichi Jima and has won the Distinguished Flying Cross 3/14/1945
Pfc. Norman Cowie is
liberated from P.O.W. camp in Germany with Lt. Norton Dean and Sgt. Jack
Charles R. Cram, Highland, killed in Belgium. 1939 RHS
grad and noted for high scholastic record.
Chief Petty Officer Bruce
Danielson, 439 Center, seaplane crash and injured near Iwo. 2/8 and 3/9/1945
First Lt. William Dawson, 120
Eleventh St., reported killed when his plane collided in mid-air on his 47th
mission over Austria. 8/4/1945
Lt. Norton C. Dean, 135
Fourth St. and 334 Alvarado, reported missing in Belgium. He is a Harris Co. employee. 1/5/1945 Prisoner of war in Bavaria. 813 Stillman 3/2/1945 and editorial 3/3/1945 Arrives home from prison camp and
gives his experiences. 6/20/1945
Liberated in Germany with Sgt. Jack Coble and Pfc. Norman Cowie. 5/21/1945
Pfc. Timoteo R. Delgado, 109
E. Cortez St. Highland, is awarded Bronze Star for fighting with Timberwolf
Infantry in Germany Nov. 17, 18, 1944 1/15/1945
Pfc. Evert Dodson, 23 Fifth
Street, killed in Palau Islands.
1942 RHS grad, who joined the infantry. 11/1/1944 Dodson may have been a prisoner on
a Japanese transport sunk by a US sub.
He became a prisoner of war with the fall of Bataan. 11/3/1944 Reported missing
death took place Nov. 19, 1944 and reported 12/13/1944 He died heroically on Anguar
Island Oct. 1, 1944. RHS grad of
1942 had grenades thrown into his position. 1/12/1945
Paul Dotson, 930 College,
declared dead after being killed on a Japanese prisoner transport. 5/18/1945
Lt. Col. Robert L. Dougherty,
544 Cajon Street, showered with gifts as administrative chaplain in the Central
Pacific. Gifts are for
natives from liberated Guadalcanal.
Sgt. David Farquhar, 318
Fifth Avenue, is reported missing from B-29 gunner over Tinian. 6/23/1945 copied Farquhar is liberated from
Japanese prison in Tokyo-Yokahama area according to KFXM radio. He is a turret gunner on B-29. Copied 9/1/1945 Returns home with a Purple Heart
for rough treatment during interrogation. Copied 10/8/1945 He was released from Japanese prison
August 28, 1945 after his capture three months earlier. In the Japanese Friendship program in
Oct. 2012, Farquhar was a guest of the Japanese government
which apologized for poor prisoner of war treatment. He was at first scheduled for a firing
squad death since his B-29 was fire-bombing
Tokyo. Facts Nov. 11, 2012 He joined
the army in 1942 and flew 18 missions in the Pacific before being shot
down. Facts 4/15/2013
James Farquhar is killed in
Lt. Kenneth L. Fisher, 1022
College, co-pilot of a B-24 Liberator and 1939 RHS grad, is missing and on Dec.
16, 1944 sends a telegram to his mother from Italy. 12/29/1944 Escapes Germany and
parachutes into Romanian held German territory from his B24. Flak shot down 10
member crew and they avoided German patrols to later contact home. 1/4/1945 Shot down three times as a pilot. 6/21/1945
copied Fisher arrives home
with remarkable story.
Sgt. Gordon L. Fitch, 1157
Judson St., describes battle of Kwajalein.
March 10, 1944
Sgt. Jesse Flint, 1001 Clay
Street, Corregidor Air Corps, is freed from Japanese prison. 10/9/1945
Pfc. Robert Ford, 1228 Alta,
platoon wipes out Japanese force without a single loss. 12/8/1944
Adam Garcia, 1011 Calhoun St.
commended for Attu fighting. Oct.
1943 He dies in Leyte invasion.
Lt. Comdr. Alfred W. Gardes,
215 Cajon Street, commander of a destroyer in the Pacific and a Leyte vet. 12/14/1944
Lt. Garnsey, 1850 Rossmont,
is a B-26 pilot stationed at Bakersfield Field. 9/21/1944
Lt. Marland Garth, 917
Campus, awarded Bronze Star for Naval Heroism in Rabaul and New Britain. 11/28/1944
Cpt. Ross Gibson, 1665 Halsey
Street, describes the Manila scene with the might of the USA in the
Lt. Arthur Gregory, Mariposa
and Dwight, is in the thick of fighting on Saipan and Tinian. 8/12/1944 Letter
Lorren E. Grisamore, 611
W.Fern, is missing after his cargo ship sank and is believe dead since
ammunition was on the ship. 2/5 and
in action 4/17/1945
Richard Paul Gwynn, Mill
Creek Road, is in the submarine service and is reported missing. He enlisted on his 17th
birthday from RHS in 1943.
Lt. Robert WGwynn, Mill Creek
Road, is home from Normandy. July
He is in the 9th
Air Force Troop Carrier transporting paratroopers to France. July 20, 1944
Lt. William T. Hardy, 635
West Fern, wife died of flu while he is in the navy fighting in the Solomon
Islands. March 1944
Col. John Hart wins Legion of
Merit for Battles in Attu and Kiska, Alaska. He was involved in assaults on Japanese
strongholds. He was the commander
of the landings. April 1944
Lt. Sherman L. Hart, 1880
Mentone Blvd., wins Air Medal with 3 Oak Leaf clusters in 8th Air
Force for 25 combat missions and Distinguished Flying Cross for destroying 8
enemy fighters. March 1, 1944 Read citation
Lt. Walter J. Hartzell, 636
Alvarado, writes of Normany experiences in the medical corp. June 23, 1944 letter.
Major Alva Hascall, 1132
Texas St., is
home for Christmas after flying B-29 in China, Burma and India. 12/13/1944 Wins Bronze Star and silver leaf
for campaign in China, Burma and India.
3/23/1945 Most decorated Redlands World War II combatant with Air Medal,
Distinguished Service Cross, Bronze Star, Silver Leaf, Legion of Merit and presidential
unit citation. Copied 5/25/1945 Tells of PT boat attack on
Japanese barges. 9/17/1945
Sgt. Jack Hastings, 322 Grant
Street, saw Buchenwald horror camp and wins unit citation. 6/27/1945
Erwin Hein joins Navy
Seabees. He managed the Sun
office in Redlands for 15 years and was a writer for Westways, Autoclub and
other magazines. He was editor of
the Redlands Golden Jubilee book in 1938.
Peter Hernandez, Bryn Mawr,
killed in action with the infantry in France. July 1944
Pfc. Richard Allen Hilliard,
1454 Pacific, is in Guam fighting.
Pfc. Robert Hinkle writes
from Japanese prison. He was
captured on Guam. 1/19/1945
G. K. Hoddenfield is on the
staff of Stars and Stripes.
Ensign Daryl Huish, 720 Cedar
St., is buried at sea. 1941 grad 3/7/1945
Cpt. Edward Jacobsen, 866
High Avenue, tells of Germany.
Missing from infantry in
Germany. 4/30/1945 Liberated
from German prisoner of war camp.
Carl Jessop, 338 Grant St., and David
Cardoza, both engine room crew members, survive the sinking of the air craft
carrier, Princeton. 10/25/1944
This is the third ship that
was sunk while Jessop is on board.
He returns to Redlands in pajamas.
“Lucky Larky Jessop” 1936 RHS Grad 12/5/1944
Harry John flew B25 bomber
over Europe, completed 35 missions over France and Germany. Shot down over France and joined
underground. Facts June 2, 2013 Corrections
made with new details of shoot down and underground Facts Jan. 19, 2014
Hinkle, Floyd Eugene “Gene” Aug. 15, 1922
to March 14, 2015 Attended Crafton
School, Redlands High, Valley College.
Enlisted in U.S. Merchant Marines served in Pacific Theater
1942-1946. Awarded Pacific and
Atlantic War Zone Medals, Merchant Marine Emblem, Honorable Service Button,
Presidential Testimonial Letter, and Victory Medal. Optimist, Bench
Warmers, Elks, Inland Harvest.
Union 76 Service at Redlands Blvd. and Sixth Street for 39 years. Redlands High
Centennial Committee 1991.
Lt. Com. George K. Johnson, 11
University St., writes of the naval battle of Leyte which his “baby” carrier
was first on the defensive and later launched 30 planes against the Japanese
fleet and go on the offensive. Dec. 5, 1944
Carrier involved in three
T-5 Trenouth L. Johnson, 247
Nordina, gets Silver Star for rescuing two wounded soldiers in a mine field. Copied 7/6/1945
Lt. Cmdr. Francis Dixon
Jordan dies on a Japanese prison ship.
Incident described in the article. 7/10/1945
Lt. Franz N. Kanaga, a 38 year resident of Redlands, won the Distinguished Flying
Cross and the Navy Cross. His
squadron of dive bombers sank the Japanese battleship
Hyuga in the Sea of Japan.
George “Joe”Kanatani, 310 West State St., RHS 1936
grad, received Congressional Gold Medal November 2011. He served in 442cd
Regimental Combat Team, the most decorated group of all time. Had Yamato Café and was a porter at the
Elks Club. He served with George
16, 2000 and May 12, 2001 Facts. Received Bronze Star at age 94 June
9, 2012. Facts
6/19/2012 Wins Legion of
Honor Award from French Government for 1944 442cd Regiment liberation of French
towns of Epinal and Bruyeres.
Honored in Nov. 9 ceremony in Los Angeles. Worked 34 years at Redlands Post Office
as window clerk. He is now 95. Facts 11/14/2013
Lewis G. Murray Kidd escapes
from a Japanese prison and in a 8 part series tells
his story. 9/4/1945—9/14/1945
Col. John Kimm, Alabama
Street, cited for heroism in Italy for the Tunisian Campaign with a Bronze
Star. 9/18/1944 Citation
Fleming King, Lincoln Street, was cited by Admiral Nimitz for Saipan bravery carrying out medical duties in the
amphibious landings. 9/19/1944
Maj. William C. Kingsbury on
B-29 Super fortress raid on Japan steel mills June 1944 Super fortress Raid story over Manchuria July 31, 1944
On flight with General LeMay non-stop from Japan to Washington. 9/19/1945. Recalls first and last B-29 raid over Japan.
Receives two Oak Leaf
Clusters from the Secretary of War, Robert Patterson. He commanded the 25th
Bombardment Squadron and listed 32 B-29 missions. 10/11/1945
Lt. William H. E. Kirschke,
539 S. Buena Vista St., is discharged after accumulating 146 points on 72
missions over Europe in Marauder Bomber.
He has won Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal, 13 Oak Leaf Clusters
and a Presidential Unit Citation.
Sgt. Charles A. Kitching, 709
W. Palm Ave., receives the Bronze Star for Marine artillery fighting on
Charles Milton Knight died June 5, 2013. RHS grad 1935. US Army signal corp stationed at Isle of
Wight, south of South Hampton, England where he maintained a radar station and
then later in the South Pacific.
Facts June 6, 2013 obit
Lt. Ted Kusler, 125 Michigan
St., B17 pilot and brother Lt. Don Kusler are home. Don was wounded by flak over
Bill “Bob” Leonard, RHS 1941
grad, marine corps wounded on Okinawa. 3/3/2012 He is
active in YMCA and celebrating 90th birthday at Plymouth Village. At 91 June 2, 2013 Facts Member of Optimist Club since
Capt. James R. Leonard, 1049
West Fern, is the commanding officer for the marine air station in Santa
Pvt. Charles J. Lewis, class
of 1939 RHS, died in a Philippines prison camp of malaria. 6/25/1945
Pvt. Taylor Lewis death is
retold with a mortar shell on Mindanao.
Sgt. Herbert Lienau killed in
Corp. Richard Lockhart, 331
Cajon, dies on Tinian. He was also
a Guadacanal and Tarawa vet.
Attended McKinley and RHS.
Sgt. Peter Loenhorst, 521
Walnut, receives citation for Normandy Coast action for towing gliders over
Cherbourg, France. 10/24/1944
Victor C. Macias, Lawton Street,
United States Army from September 26, 1942 to November 6, 1945. Born 1921 and died Sept. 25, 2013 Obit
Facts Oct. 1, 2013
Pvt. Kenneth Maddox is
liberated from a Japanese prison.
First Lt. Benjamin Mair is
awarded Bronze Star for keeping battalion supplied with food and equipment
under dangerous fire. His battalion
killed 44 Japanese without a loss.
Lt. Barney Marshall, 943
Walnut, motor torpedo boat saves Canadian crew in English Channel. 8/18/1944
Darrell Martin, 1112 Cedar
Ave., made it through the invasion of Saipan. 8/2/1944
Capt. Judd Mason, 930 E.
Colton Ave., is awarded Distinguished Flying Cross, presidential award and two
Oak Leaf clusters for 300 combat flying hours and one Jap zero score. Combat in New Guinea area. 3/3/1944
Major Jack E. McCreary,
former Redlands High teacher, wins Bronze Star in the Mediterranean Theater in
the personnel Division. 10/6/1945
Col. Bruce W. McDaniel, 721
Alvarado, directs Paris Food Supply to feed 5,000,000. He is general manager of MOD in civilian
Lt. Col., 621 Alvarado, wins
Bronze Star for solving food crisis in France. 3/30/1945 With a
team of 20 men he feeds France.
4/24/1945 Cited by
French President and given Croix de Guerre and Rose Star. 9/4/1945
Lt. John H. McElhiney, 108
Norwood, listed for 50 combat missions over Rabaul ansd New Britain in the
South Pacific. June 1944
Capt. James McIntosh, East
Lugonia Avenue, writes his first letter since the fall of Manila,
Philippines. 5/28/1945 In Japanese prison camp for 4
years is now home and tells his story.
10/29 and 10/30/1945
Pfc.Robert Mckeighan, 117
Center Street, kills Jap on Guam and writes dad on his birthday. 8/12/1944 Writes letter from fox hole.
Sgt. Arthur F. McMillan
fought in four major battles in 30 months: Saipan, Guadalcanal, Tarawa and
Tinian. He was wounded on Saipan
and is now home. 10/26/1944
Pvt. Walter Messer, 124 E.
Olive, dies of wounds on Mindanao Island.
Capt. Morris Miller, 216 E.
Stuart, is a pilot in a B-24 Liberator in the Central Pacific. He has had engagements at Midway,
Marshall Islands, Gilberts, and Calorlines. Wins two Distinguished
Flying Crosses and 4 Air Medals. His was the first plane to bomb
Truk. May 26, 1944 Read
Pfc. Charles B. Mooney, 36
Wheaton Street, wins Combat Infantry Badge in 37th Army Division at
Battle of Bougainville. March 1944
Lt. James Dave Mooney, 36
Wheaton St., is home after 263 combat missions and wins Air Medal. 7/13/1945
Jack Morris, 120 W. Vine, Receives Bronze Star in North Africa. He is a
1924 RHS grad. 4/17/1945
Pvt. Clifford Virgil Morrow,
Route 2 Mission District, was captured on Guam and is a POW in Osaka, Japan for
the last three years. 1/6/1945
Liberated from prison. Tail gunner. 9/20/1945 Was in a
Japanese prison camp working in the Osaka Coal Co. 10/5/1945
Lt. Francis Gerald Mulvihill
wins Flying Cross as a dive bomber pilot for sinking a
Japanese ship off the Bonin Islands in his Curtis Wright Helldiver plante July
Seaman Alfred Munoz, 1132
Calhoun St., gunner on destroyer reported missing. He left RHS in 1942. 11/18/1944
Sgt. Ernest Morrow, Curtis
Ranch in Old San Bernardino, packs oranges while on furlough. Has
Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal and three Oak Leaf Clusters for 25
missions in B-17 over Europe. June
William Floyd Myers, Yucaipa,
a member of a tank corps is killed.
Sgt. Francis Joseph Nader, 52
East Highland Ave., reported missing from gunner position on bomber. RHS grad. May 1944 Air Medal is given to his father
since he is missing. 1/5/1945
Roland Barton Nutting, 842
Stillman Ave., is reported missing from a destroyer that was in a Philippine
typhoon. 1/25/1945 Killed in the Pacific. 2/27/1945
Lt. John O’Brien, 606 Harding
Drive, awarded the Silver Star was an electrical officer in the submarine
service. 10/24/1944 Citation
Capt. Robert Owens, 1520 W.
Cypress, killed on Luzon Feb. 4 2/27 and 3/27/1945
M. Palmtag home after logging 300 combat flying hours in B-24 Liberator bomber
in Middle East, Italy and Germany. He joined the Coast Artillery in June
1940. Oct. 1943
Col. Rufus Parsons, 24 San
Gorgonio Drive, receives Bronze Star in Quartermaster Service. 5/23/1945
Lt. Raylin Pattison, 1630
Laurel Avenue, tells of Okinawa fight.
John Pereria, 23 Fifth
Street, wins Bronze Star after breaking up a Japanese ambush. 8/27/1945
First Lt. Beverly W. Perry,
311 Summit, wins the Bronze Star in a medical detachment in Germany as a
battlefield surgeon. 5/8/1945 Became
ill in Germany and is now coming home.
Lt. Mark Pfeiffer dies in
China in airplane crash. April 1944
Marshall Phelps, class of
Sgt. Bernice L. Philley
shoots down Jap Zero in battle over the Solomon Islands. Gets 30 day leave to see new son. Veteran of 125 combat
flying hours. Read Story
Dec. 6, 1943
C. Pratt, 1002 College Avenue, missing pilot over Germany of a B-24 Liberator. His
daughter was born May 28. Her
volunteered April 7, 1941 and is one of four sons of John Overton Pratt in
service. He is reported dead by the
Germans June 5, 1944 Sell store at 114 Fifth Street to Gail Stockton since all
the boys are in the service. June 1944 German
government report of death through international Red Cross. 6/28/1944
Lt. Robert E. Price, Bryn
Mawr, wins Air Medal for B-17 bombing.
Lt. H. C. Ranney of Redlands
awarded Air Medal for bombing enemy in the Pacific. Awared in San Diego and saw his 18 month
daughter for the first time. He was
at Pearl Harbor.
Ensign Francis Wayland
Reynolds, 1031 Campus, writes of Iwo Jima invasion. 4/20/1945
Tech Sgt. Kenneth A. Rister,
260 Nordina, prisoner of war in Germany lost 60 pounds. Is now free. 6/20/1945
2cd Lt. Ralph O. Roberts,
1713 Washington St., wins Air Medal for 30 combat missions in the
Capt. Henry Romo, 1262
Monterey, on march into Rome as part of a field
artillery unit. June 1944 Receives
Bronze Star 8/17/1944 Visits Berchtesgaden. 6/2/1945
Lt. Robert Romo, 1262
Monterey A, killed on Okinawa.
Pfc.George Taro Sakato, Redlands Blvd. and 527 E.
State, was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for action in the 442cd
Regimental Combat Team October 29, 1944.
Family moved to Arizona to avoid arrest. He stopped a German counterattack and
killed 12, wounded 2 and captured 34 prisoners. Sold Ken’s open air Market and moved
before arrest. Listed as enemy
alien in Phoenix. After war moved
to Coolidge, Arizona and then Denver was a postman for three decades.
At first was given Distinguished Service Cross and
then in 2000 the Medal of Honor.
“Samurai Spirit” Wins Distinguished Service Cross.
8/7/1945 p.5 copied
Cpl. Henry Sakato, brother of
George, was one of the first Japanese-Americans to enter the service. Won Combat Infantry Badge for exemplary
conduct in the Vosges mountains of eastern
France. 8/7/1945 p.5
Sgt. Wally Sanchez, 309
E.Colton Ave., is a RHS football star and radio man
for B-17, 351st. Bombardment Group is given Air Medal and Oak Leaf
Cluster. He entered the service
Jan. 12, 1943 and is now 21. His
brother is stationed in Alaska.
Decorated again with 2cd Oak Leaf Cluster for bombing attacks on
the enemy. 1/117/1945
Sgt. Ray Sanders, 1001 Orange
St., killed in Belgium. He
previously served in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. 11/9/1944
Col. Leslie Sargent, New
Jersey Street, killed in action with the marine corp on Okinawa. 5/24/1945
Gordon Seagrave, 615 Buena Vista St., author of ‘Burma Surgeon” returns to Burma. 5/5/1945
Tells of Burma welcome.
and tells of Burma work. 7/12 and
Seaman James Selaya, New
Jersey St., missing. 2/8/1945
Major Wendell B. Sell, 635
McKinley Drive, wins Bronze Star in North Africa for actions in July 1944. 1/16/1945
First Lt. Richard M. Sherman,
528 Buena Vista St., is the co-pilot of a B-17 Flying Fortress and receives the
Distinguished Flying Cross and Oak Leaf clusters for hitting Nazi targets with
First Class fireman Carl J.
Shirk writes of life in the Pacific.
Capt. Therman A. Singley,
1103 Ohio Street, dies of wounds.
He left RHS early to join CCC and later Marine Corp Aug. 8, 1942. Feb. 1944
Col. Frank Guest Smith wins
Legion of Merit for assigning key men to the Pacific War. 8/9/1945
Capt. Leland W. Smith is
awarded posthumously the Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal and Silver Oak
Leaf cluster at March Air Force Base. 7/9/1945 Capt. Leland W. Smith, 319 E.
Stuart, reported missing over Belgium.
He is a P-38 pilot with 70 missions, a Distinguished Flying Cross, Air
Medal and 3 Oak Leaf Clusters.
Lt. Charles Harry Stirnenan,
819 E. High Ave., jumped from bomber over France and is reported missing. Another bomber reports that his bomber
was hit in the nose where the gunner was located. June 27, 1944 Declared
in a B-26 over Europe.
Col. Franklin Smith, E.
Citrus Ave., was given a supply citation for work in the Philippines. 1/30/1945
Tech Sgt. Robert R. Stuart,
Yucaipa, receives Legion of Merit for work in Germany. He works for Mittens Letters in
Warren Sutt, 118 Norwood,
reported missing from B-24 gunner position. He has three brothers in the war. Feb. `1944 Reported killed. 8/31/1944
Capt. Robert E. Sweet, 805
University St., receives Distinguished Flying Cross and Army Air Medal butg his
B-24 Liberator crashes in Tonapah, Nevada.
Pvt. Allan Taltavall, 728
Walnut St., died May 16, 1942 from malaria in a Japanese prison camp. 9/13/1945
Capt. Dick Taylor, 755 Cedar,
is awarded Oak Leaf Cluster and Air Medal for flying the hump to China. Jan.22, 1944. Have copy
Lt. Col. Frank Thornquist,
706 Alvarado St., wins Bronze Star as air base commander in Burma. 8/14/1945 Part of Mars Task Force which
supplied Burma and China.
Lt. Thomas Thresher, RHS 1939
grad, is missing. He is a
Thunderbolt fighter pilot in Italy.
Lt. Jack Van Epps shot down
over Sardinia is a released prisoner of war from Italy. He was the pilot of B-26 Martin
1943 Wins Bronze Star with
Italy Air Corps.
Clarence Van Leuven was
stationed on an armed merchant vessel and sunk by torpedo. Story in the Facts Oct. 27, 1943
Technician Andrew G.
VanVoorhuyeon, 1029 Alta Street, wins a Bronze Star for Luzon combat and has
two bronze battle stars for Bougainville and the Philippines. 11/14/1945
Sgt. Frank R. Villa, 510
Seventh Street, gets his Second Bronze Star in Germany Oct. 12, 1944 6/15/1945
Lt. Robert Wagner, 816
Stillman is awarded 4th Oak Leaf cluster and is a 1927 RHS
grad. He was involved in Northeast
Africa action. Jan. 1944
Completes 50 missions in
Africa and Mediterranean and has Air Medal and Oak Leaf Cluster. April 1944
Lt. Comdr. Robert A. Weatherup, led fight group against Kyushu field and shot down
two Jap planes with his Hellcat fighter. 6/9/1945
Sgt. Clifford White, 24 Olive
Ave., wins Air Medal for gunner skill over Europe in a B-17 flying
Major T. Robert White, 711
Linda Vista Drive, participates in Doolittle Raid bombing Tokyo, Japan in Feb.
1942 April 18,
1942 Interviewed by
Stars and Stripes for narrow escape of death over Sicily. March 28, 1944
Vernon Lofton Williams, Route
1 Box 398, seaman first class cited resisting 30 bombing attacks from vessel in
Sicily. June 1944
Pvt. Robert H. Wilson, 540
Buena Vista Street, meets his brother Pfc. William H. Wilson in the
Corp. Charles N. Witham, 1019
Sixth Street, is a B-24 engineer that bombed the island of Yap with the 13th
Air Force. July 1944 Now Sgt. Charles Witham is
reported missing from his B-24 Liberator.
He is a flight engineer.
One of five either killed on missing Dec. 13, 1944 His B-24 bomber went down over
Negros Island and he was killed. He
was the radio-mechanic on board.
Wins Air Medal and Oak Leaf Cluster in posthumous ceremony at March Air
Force Base. 6/26/1945 7/9/1945
Capt. Charles Woessner, 618
Cypress Circle, B24 radioman is missing over the Philippines. 2/7/1945
Lt. Charles N. Ziilch, 101
West Fern, receives a land craft infantry citation. 12/11/1945
Sgt. Edward C. Zylman, 425 E.
Citrus, is recovering in London.
Retailers plan bond drives
with 25 stores led by Fred C. Fowler. Two-hundred
take pledge to become Third Army members.
Theater Bond Drive sells 2,400 seats with each seat costing so much. Junior Bonds for children began. Jan. 1944
Elmer Plummer, class of 1930,
helped Disney produce “Victory through Airpower” movie. He is the son of R. W. Plummer of East
Citrus Avenue and filmed B-17’s and Douglass Aircraft Co. Nov. 1943
Miss Francis Reay, 452
Terracina, joins Red Cross in the Pacific and ends up in Mortain, France
meeting Corp. Arthur Jacobsen, 866 High St., on the streets while passing out
Near the front in France
8/14/1944 Survives the shelling in Holland. 2/2/1945
Returns home from Red Cross
volunteer services in Europe.
1911 Elks Club Lodge mortgage
is paid off November 3, 1943
YMCA burns mortgage in annual
dinner Dec. 4, 1943.
Two army surplus trucks aid in Redlands mail service. Post office mail
up 25% due to war. Dec. 1943
Redlands Federal Savings and
Loan, Lyman M. King, buys government bonds. Jan. 1944
Max Watson, prisoner of war
in Osaka, Japan sends letter to mom at 243 Eureka Street. Watson in navy for 16 years and was on a
minesweeper in Manila when the Philippines fell. Dec. 1943
Carl Hilliard, 543 Terracina,
head the Office of Price Administration for rent control in the Defense Rental
area. Dec. 1943
Japanese Zero fighter was on
display for 10 cent admission. Feb. 1944
Frank Gunter, Redlands USO
chair, receives letter of congrats from regional executive of USO. Feb. 1944
Capt. Judd Mason, 930 E.
Colton, is pilot for McArthur.
March 3, 1944
Lt. Paul Gerrard
marries. March 1944
Lt. Col. Meredith Beaver used
penicillin at Redlands Community Hospital for the first time. May 1944
Memorial Day Program at the
Bowl by Dr. Lawrence Nelson as speaker.
Seven RHS grads meet on
Edward Campbell, merchant
Darrell Martin, pharmacist
Homer Rickson, pharmacist
Peter Pittullo, stewart
Jack Harrison, Marine Corp
Leonard Bondenberger, Sgt.
C-47 Transports with
thousands of air miles each are repaired at San Bernardino Air Depot in
Three Redlanders meet in
Manila, Philippines Dan Stanto and Bud Dudley are cousins and Don Hanson. 6/28/1945
G.K. Hoddenfield is on the
staff of Stars and Stripes.
Two University of Redlands
grads worked on the A-Bomb: Victor Anderson and Harley Tillitt. 8/14/1945
Other sources: The West
Coast Goes to War 1941-1942 by Donald DeNevi, Pictorial Histories Publishing,
Inc. Missoula, Montana, 1998.